Le tacrolimus améliore les symptômes des enfants atteints de myasthénie grave réfractaire à la prednisone.

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Le tacrolimus améliore les symptômes des enfants atteints de myasthénie grave réfractaire à la prednisone.

Message par Pboulanger » 30 oct. 2017 20:02

:hi:

:arrow: Lu sur :https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29074055

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Tacrolimus Improves Symptoms of Children With Myasthenia Gravis Refractory to Prednisone.
Liu C1, Gui M1, Cao Y1, Lin J1, Li Y1, Ji S1, Bu B2
Pediatr Neurol. 2017 Sep 5. pii: S0887-8994(17)30315-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2017.08.014.


Abstract
  • BACKGROUND:

    Myasthenia gravis tends to affect children in China. Oral pyridostigmine and prednisone could effectively improve the symptoms, but multiple side effects become a major concern after long-term oral prednisone. To avoid the long-term complications of prednisone therapy and to obtain more satisfactory improvement, we tested the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in children with myasthenia gravis.
  • METHODS:

    Children with myasthenia gravis who had not achieved satisfactory improvement or who experienced severe side effects after prednisone therapy were recruited between January 2015 and December 2016 at Tongji Hospital. All the children were treated with tacrolimus 1 mg to 2 mg daily and the dose was adjusted on the basis of the clinical response and the serum concentration. The dosage of prednisone, the severity of symptoms, blood samples, the serum concentration of tacrolimus, and titers of antiacetylcholine receptor antibodies were evaluated every four weeks.
  • RESULTS:

    Fourteen children were enrolled. One child withdrew two weeks after the enrollment. Thirteen children have completed the therapy for one year. At the end point, the dosage of prednisone was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), the symptoms were evaluated by the quantitative myasthenia gravis score, and myasthenia gravis-specific manual muscle testing and myasthenia gravis-activities of daily living scores were significantly improved (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, and P < 0.01,respectively). More importantly, ten (76.9%) patients had completely discontinued prednisone, and the major side effects were nearly reversed. The mean titer of antiacetylcholine receptor antibodies significantly dropped from 1.96±2.62 nmol/L to 0.70±1.04 nmol/L (P < 0.05). No severe adverse events were reported.
  • CONCLUSIONS:

    Our results suggest that tacrolimus is a promising agent for children with refractory myasthenia gravis. Randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the observation.

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Message de : Pboulanger  un membre de l'équipe technique
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