Lu sur :https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29856158
Traduction disponible directement en cliquant en bas à droite de ce message sur l'expression Traduire en
Efficacy of Gaze Photographs in Diagnosing Ocular Myasthenia Gravis.
Ahn J1,2, Park KS3,4, Kim JS3,4, Hwang JM1,5.
J Clin Neurol. 2018 May 31. [Epub ahead of print]
- BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
The various tests that are routinely used to diagnose generalized myasthenia gravis, such as the edrophonium test, serum anti-acetylcholine-receptor antibodies (AChR-Ab), and repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) tests, have lower diagnostic sensitivity in ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG). Diagnosing OMG becomes even more difficult when the clinical symptoms are subtle. There is no gold-standard diagnostic test available for OMG patients, and so this study compared the diagnostic sensitivity of gaze photographs with conventional tests in OMG.
Records of gaze photographs were available for 25 of 31 consecutive patients diagnosed with OMG. Each patient underwent a neuro-ophthalmologic examination, serum AChR-Ab, RNS, edrophonium test, ice tests, and the acquisition of gaze photographs. The margin reflex distance 1 (MRD1) was measured on each of the gaze photographs, with MRD1 <2 mm or an interlid MRD1 difference of ≥2 mm on any of the gaze photographs defined as a positive sign of OMG. The diagnostic sensitivities of the tests were assessed.
The mean age at onset was 38.5 years (range, 2-76 years), and 13 patients (52%) were men. The diagnostic sensitivities of the RNS test, AChR-Ab test, gaze photographs, and ice test were 56%, 64%, 80%, and 73%, respectively.
The diagnostic sensitivity was higher for gaze photographs than for the other tests applied to OMG patients.