[pubmed] Thrombotic microangiopathy in rheumatology: a link between thrombosis and autoimmunity

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[pubmed] Thrombotic microangiopathy in rheumatology: a link between thrombosis and autoimmunity

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Nasonov EL, et al. Ter Arkh 2020.

ABSTRACT

Uncontrolled hypercoagulation and inflammation (thromboinflammation), which are both independent and closely related and amplifying each other pathological processes, form the basis for pathogenesis of a wide range of diseases and complications, including immuno-inflammatory (autoimmune) rheumatic diseases, with the development of potentially fatal injuries of internal organs. Thrombotic microangiopathy is one of the most prominent prototypes of thromboinflammatory pathological conditions. The close link between environmental factors, hemostasis genetic defects and the complement system, inflammation and autoimmunity as pathogenetic mechanisms of microthrombosis draws particular attention to studying thrombotic microangiopathy in immuno-inflammatory rheumatic diseases, primarily systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome and scleroderma renal crisis. In future, these studies may be important for expanding the idea of the role of autoimmune mechanisms in pathogenesis of critical hemostasis disorders in human diseases, and for developing new approaches to therapy. Recently, special attention has been paid to the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome with eculizumab, which is humanized monoclonal IgG2/4k antibody that blocks the complement component C5a and the membrane attack complex (C5b-9) formation, and which is registered for the treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, as well as severe forms of myasthenia gravis and neuromyelitis optica. Further studies in this direction will create prerequisites for improving the prognosis not only in patients with orphan disorders, but also for widespread human diseases.

PMID:32598770 | DOI:10.26442/00403660.2020.05.000697

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Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3259877 ... 39&v=2.9.4
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